Observed: Third Monday in February
Actual Birthday: February 22
Was George Washington elected unanimously?
The tallies of the first presidential election in 1789, submitted by electors of 10 of the 13 United States of America, were as follows:
- George Washington: 69 votes
- John Adams: 34 votes
- John Jay: 9 votes
- Robert Harrison: 6 votes
- John Rutledge: 6 votes
- John Hancock:4 votes<
- George Clinton: 3 votes
- Samuel Huntington: 2 votes
- John Milton: 2 votes
- James Armstrong: 1 vote
- Edward Telfair: 1 vote
- Benjamin Lincoln: 1 vote
[Source: The Papers of George Washington: the Electoral Count for the Presidential Election of 1789]
So you see John Adams had 1 short of half as many votes as Washington. Why do we say Washington was elected unanimously?
Originally the Constitution asked state delegates to submit two names for President. The idea being the person with the most votes would become President and the one with the second most votes would be Vice-President.
Every single one of the 69 delegates across the 10 participating states voted for George Washington as one of their two choices. The remaining 69 votes were split among 11 other prospects as shown above. John Adams was unique among the 11 others in that he acquired votes not just from his own state (Massachusetts) and its neighbors but as far south as Virginia.
On April 30, 1789 George Washington was inaugurated President. The ceremony took place on a Federal Hall balcony overlooking Wall Street in New York City, the nation’s first capital. Ironically, New York was the one state that had ratified the Constitution but had not voted for Washington. Or anyone else. New York legislators had failed to pass an Election Act in time to select delegates to participate in the election.
North Carolina didn’t ratify the Constitution until November 1789, 7 months into Washington’s Presidency. Rhode Island ratified it the following year.
Eyewitness Account of Washington’s Inauguration
Rhode Island ratifies Constitution
This Day in History: Washington unanimously elected by Electoral College
NY Times Article on Elorriaga’s Painting: The Inauguration in Oil, April 21, 1889
3 Replies to “George Washington: unanimous my animous”
Very fine article. I would like to link to it in one or more of my Washington websites.
Please do James!
I hope you don’t mind I’ve linked to your post on Washington’s resignation, December 23. Great stuff!